The archipelago of Juan Fernandez National Park is composed of Alejandro Selkirk, Robinson Crusoe and Santa Clara islands. It was declared by UNESCO as a world biosphere reserve in order to study and preserve nature.
Archipiélago de Juan Fernández National Park was founded on the 16th of January of 1935. It has an area of 9.570,55 ha, and was declared a Biosphere Reserve by the UNESCO.
Although slightly difficult to get to, this park boasts one of the most amazing ecosystems in the planet: not only has it a unique and endemic flora, but also, the irregular geography and climate have forged a definite folkloric tradition distinct from that of the mainland.
Archipiélago Juan Fernández National Park Basic Information
Location: Región de Valparaíso, in the Pacific Ocean, 667 km (417 mi) west of San Antonio. The city of San Juan Bautista is inside the park.
How to get there:
Santiago-Juan Fernández: by air. Valparaíso-Juan Fernández: by sea.
Air: Local airlines LASSA and ATA, weekly flights (2.5 hrs from Santiago)
Sea: Armada Ship in december and february. The rest of the year, occasionally (1 1/2 days of navegation departing from Valparaíso)
When to go: Year round.
Monday to Thursday: 8:00 to 12:50 - 14:00 to 18:00
Friday: 8:00 to 12:50 - 14:00 to 17:50
limate: Maritime, with a high environmental humidity (76.5% relative humidity), the average annual temperature is 15.4°C (60°F) and average annual rainfall is 1,181.2mm. (46 in). Rainfall is less between October and February.
Archipiélago Juan Fernández NP Infrastructure and Services
Administration office: It is located in Vicente González St. 130, Robinson Crusoe Island. Its phone numbers are (32)2751004 and (32)2751022, and its contact e-mail firstname.lastname@example.org
Facilities: There is a station in Alejandro Selkirk island in Las Casas stream, and two guest houses in Robinson Crusoe Island. Plus, there are refuges in the following places of the park:
Robinson Crusoe Island:
Plan del Yunque
Santa Clara Island:
Alejandro Selkirk Island:
Camping Areas: Puerto Francés; Villagra; Vaquería; Puerto Ingles.
Picnic Areas: Villagra; Plazoleta El Yunque; Puerto Ingles; Vaquería, Puerto Francés.
Lookouts: Rebaje La Piña; Cordón Villa Alemana; Salsipuedes; Las Cuatrocientas; Subida Mirador, Mirador de Selkirk, Punta Larga y Punta Chupones.
Attractions in Archipiélago Juan Fernández National Park
What to do:
Environmental Information: In the environmental information center.
Natural Heritage in Archipiélago Juan Fernández National Park
Flora: The flora in the park is distributed in 137 endemic and 213 native species. With a 64.32 of endemism, this is one of the parks with highest endemism rates in the world. Among the birds in the island you will find Juan Fernández Firecrown (Sephanoides fernandensis), the only insular endemic hummingbird in the world. One of its most remarkable features is its marked sexual dimorphism, and its beautiful iridescent colors, both in males and females. Sadly, this species is in danger, with a population of only 1000 specimens.
Fauna: The only endemic mammal is Juan Fernández Furr Seal (Arctocephalus philippi), with 80.000 specimens in the archipiélago. During the XVIII and XIX centuries, indiscriminate hunting almost made the species disappear, but today it is especially protected by CONAF.
Archipielago Juan Fernandez National Park map
Come and discover Archipielago Juan Fernandez National Park
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