At 4,200 m (13,776 ft) above sea level, this monument is characterized by its massive salt deposits and high altitude ecosystems. The monument is 11,298 square hectares (24,855 sq. acres) and it is home to many species of rare wildlife, including the ñandú, flamingos, Andean avocets, crested ducks, and species of llama including vicuñas and alpacas. Temperature oscillates between -15ºC (5ºF) at night and 5ºC (41ºF) during the day. The geography corresponds almost completely to the salt content, clearly seen in the central Oquealla hill with a height of 4,322 m (14,126 ft). The name Surire comes from the word "suri" o ñandú, a species of Chilean ostrich that lives in the zone and can be observed during your visit.
The park has two camp sites (no facilities) nearby the Polloquere hot springs, 16 km (10 mi) away from the Conaf ranger station. The Conaf office also has facilities to accommodate four people.